Hidetoshi Taya (Keio)

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Hidetoshi Taya (Keio)

April 21, 2021 @ 10:00 am - 11:00 am UTC+0

How time-dependent electric fields affect the Schwinger mechanism?

The Schwinger mechanism, the vacuum pair production in the presence of strong electric fields, is one of the most remarkable predictions of strong-field QED. For a constant electric field, it was established by Schwinger in 1951 that the vacuum pair production is driven by quantum tunneling and the resulting production number is non-perturbatively suppressed. The constant electric field configuration is, however, too idealistic. Strong electric fields that may be realized in actual physical situations (e.g., intense lasers and heavy-ion collisions) must be time- (as well as space-) dependent. Thus, we need to go beyond Schwinger’s constant-field result.

In this talk, I discuss how time-dependence affects the vacuum pair production based on my works. In particular, I plan to discuss (1) the interplay between non-perturbative and perturbative pair production mechanisms and show that the widely-used Keldysh parameter is not the only parameter that controls the interplay [1, 2]; (2) dynamically assisted Schwinger mechanism and Franz-Keldysh effect in strong-field QED based on the perturbation theory in the Furry picture [3]; and (3) spin and chirality production by time-depending electric fields [4, 5, 6].


[1] HT, H. Fujii, K. Itakura, PRD 90, 014039 (2014)

[2] HT, T. Fujimori, T. Misumi, M. Nitta, N. Sakai, JHEP 03, 082 (2021)

[3] HT, PRD 99, 056006 (2019)

[4] X.-G. Huang, M. Matsuo, HT, PTEP 2019, 113B02 (2019)

[5] X.-G. Huang, HT, PRD 100, 016013 (2019)

[6] HT, PRR 2, 023257 (2020)


April 21, 2021
10:00 am - 11:00 am UTC+0
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